“It is childish nonsense to say that a British Government rules Britain. It’s nothing to do with British Government or the British People!” Oswald Mosley, a British Fascist implored. The speech is interesting, regarding the exploitation of non-Brit peoples for cheap labor in the society. Sir Mosley lived during the time these ideas were beginning to surface, and therefore provides his perspective. It is precisely, because he holds so different a view from mines personally, that I find his criticism of finance and the shifting power from Europe to Wall Street interesting.
In On A Reborn Britain And The Spirit Of European Civilisation, the masterful orator of his day, declared that the people could and should make a third system, a system that united classical wisdom and the modern sciences, and embodies the cultural advancements made by the British and European peoples, in the sense he conceived it. We conceive it a different way, and Liberalism and Republicanism itself intends the same, but again, in a different way than Fascism. You must be aware, that the Fascists believed the Liberals could not bring about such an expression, as Palmieri explained in his work on the Philosophy of Fascism.
There are indeed flaws to the arguments defending Fascist views on race and the concept of the nation. Nevertheless, there are attempts to use La Dottrina del Fascismo as the point where Fascism is said to be founded on the concept of national unity, or the nation, more than on the call for racial unity. This work stated, that the nation is defined as “a multitude unified by an idea.” Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile called their spiritual conception of life, their political worldview and that of the nation, Mazzinianism, or the Mazzinian Conception. However, Mussolini was concerned with the birth-rates of whites; and under his rule, the Fascist government committed ethnic-cleansing on Slovenes, and were prejudiced against Roma people.
Under Fascism, one regardless of racial background could be citizens, understanding that its citizens were part of an organic expression through the unity of the people under national, civil, and historic principle.
Fascists on Nationalism and Race
“It is utterly untrue that the British Union is largely a racialist movement. (…) For as its followers are fervent believers in the Empire, and as the empire contains scores of races, to be anti any one race is a contradiction in terms. If the Jews place Jewry first, we are against them; but if they place Britain first they have nothing to fear. And the same applies to all other races, cults, and creeds.” (Oswald Mosley)
“I am not an anti-semite. Anti-semitism is hatred of all Jews on account of their race. I attack some Jews on account of what they do, but I never attack any Jew on account of his birth. I never attack a man on account of his race or religion. If a Jew does something against the interests of Britain or of Europe, he should be attacked like anyone else. He should not be attacked because he is a Jew, but equally he should not be immune from criticism because he is a Jew.” (Oswald Mosley, Mosley—Right or Wrong, 1961, pg. 131)
“Here is what is required by our total sense of the Patra and the state which is to serve it: That is all the people of Spain, however diverse they may be, feel in harmony with an irrevocable unity of destiny.” (José Antonio Primo de Rivera)
“National Socialism is preoccupied by the body (namely the racial eugenics) whereas Legionarism is preoccupied by something much deeper: by the soul.” (Corneliu Zelea Codreanu)
“A race does not exist, but only a people and an Italian nation. There does not exist a Jewish race or nation, but a Jewish people; there does not exist, the gravest error of all, an Aryan race.” (Enciclopedia Italiana, 1935, see section ‘Race’)
“Naturally there is no such thing as a pure race, not even a Jewish one (…) Race: it is a sentiment, not a reality, it is 95% sentiment. I don’t believe that it is possible to prove biologically that a race is more or less pure (…) Anti-Semitism does not exist in Italy. The Jews have behaved well as citizens, and as soldiers, they have fought courageously.” (Benito Mussolini, Emil Ludwig’s Talks With Mussolini, 1932)
“Undoubtedly no contemporary Englishman or Russian had so much sympathetic understanding of the Jews, as Mussolini with me in 1932.” (Emil Ludwig, Talks with Mussolini, preface, 1945 ed.)