This Marxist critiques the left’s hysteria in its use of the terms Fascist and Nazi:
“Colonial empires found justification in racial theory. Romantic national history and social Darwinism bound masses of people at home to the imagined community of the state and reconciled them to the existing hierarchical social order. Nevertheless, though fascist leaders and their shrill publicists freely deployed such ruling class notions, they did so in an entirely demagogic fashion. There is with fascism no body of logically sustainable reasoning of the kind found in the catholic church or Marxism. Read Mein Kampf or Mussolini’s My autobiography. Hence frantic leftist attempts to locate Le Pen’s ‘fascism’ in some subtle anti-semitic code word or pouncing upon Jörg Haider’s ‘fascist’ admiration for the Third Reich’s autobahns and public works programme is entirely misplaced. There is no fascist theory systematically linking proposition to practice. Organisationally fascism has precursors in the anti-liberal and anti-socialist counterrevolutionary movements of the same late 19th to early 20th century period. A loose analogy can be drawn between Louis Napoleon Bonaparte’s movement and fascism.” (Origins of fascism and the New Right)
In this same manner, loose analogy is drawn between our subjects.
The National Socialist Revolution
All right-leaning parties are being ever more tactically branded with the names Nazi, and Neo-Fascism. Fascism has been subject to different definitions, since being coined by Italian politician, Benito Mussolini, but is mostly now used as an insult. The conflicting life of Benito Mussolini, as well as Adolf Hitler and their colleagues betray the ideology they propagated. Mussolini is portrayed as a casanova, suffering and conflicted. If we were to judge fascism solely by film and propaganda, we get the image of a heroic icon, or man of iron, but this isn’t the reality, from what his mistress Clara Petacci tells us.
Adolf Hitler also had problems, such as strange sexual fetishes, drug addictions, and the bad choices he made as a leader. There are many things that can be said about Adolf Hitler, that are far from romantic. It goes the same for Benito Mussolini, and not as they were seen through propaganda, and reels.
Theosophy, Fascism, and National Socialism
There are those “crack-brained slanderers” who have scapegoated modern Theosophy for inspiring the movements of German Romanticism, Fascism, and Nationalism Socialism. Academic critiques of Theosophy are incapable of distinguishing whether Theosophy itself is Gnosticism, Freemasonry, Buddhism, Rosicrucianism, Neo-Hinduism, etc., a mix, or all the above.
“Year after year, and day after day had our officers and members to interrupt people speaking of the theosophical movement by putting in more or less emphatic protests against Theosophy being referred to as a “religion,” and the Theosophical Society as a kind of church or religious body. Still worse, it is as often spoken of as a “new sect”! Is it a stubborn prejudice, an error, or both? The latter, most likely. The most narrow-minded and even notoriously unfair people are still in need of a plausible pretext, of a peg on which to hang their little uncharitable remarks and innocently-uttered slanders. And what peg is more solid for that purpose, more convenient than an “ism” or a “sect.” The great majority would be very sorry to be disabused and finally forced to accept the fact that Theosophy is neither. The name suits them, and they pretend to be unaware of its falseness. But there are others, also, many more or less friendly people, who labour sincerely under the same delusion.” (Helena P. Blavatsky, Is Theosophy a Religion, Theosophical Articles, Vol. 1, Theosophy Co., L.A. 1981, pg. 56 and Lucifer, November 1888.)
To then be seen as an element to the construction of fascism is ignorant of the Italian philosophy, already embedded in the culture surrounding Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini, himself who attributed his influence to Gustav Le Bon. Besides the political element, there was a metaphysics of Fascism. Benito Mussolini, on his doctrine about Fascism, aided by Giovanni Gentile, who became Minister of Education in Mussolini’s government states, that it is a spiritual philosophy. It bears similarity, in the strength of its spiritual philosophy to theosophy or the sapienza, precisely because of its Romanness, but Fascism heavily lacks the saggezza or compassion central in theosophy. Fascism is the perfect example of the spirit of Mars in contradistinction from Minerva. “Universal brotherhood” is our celebrated principle. Fascio and fasces, meaning “strength through unity” is the origin of the word fascism, and is its celebrated principle. The principle of unity theosophy points to is not bound up with a political conception of the State, but in chiefly the spiritual side of Nature.
Before the first world war, sentiment among the ruling class was a distrust of internationalism (capitalists and socialists), and the rise of republics and democracies. What is so condemnable today are journalists and political analysts describing the Right, and even libertarians now as fascist, when according to their use, even monarchy can be considered fascist.
Monarchy was considered to be a sign, a people reached their nobility, not its social regression, ruled by a rightful hereditary line. What then of our religion of democracy and of monarchy, when our views of the latter are but shaped merely on the incompetence of King George III, Louis XVI of France, and the films of Disney?
The Left must always be revolutionary, force, progressive, but it must then perpetually devour itself. The Americans should not use the term of fascism as a stigma or broad insult, given the fact the fasces (bundle of sticks. for Roman state power and unity) is also embedded into the symbolism of the United States itself. Former Sen. Jim Webb (D-Va.) suggests, there’s an Aristocracy in American Politics, and the Democrats have moved very far to the left (Sen. Jim Webb, Democratic Party has moved ‘very far to the left’). The Atlantic writes about ways the present system can lead to Autocracy and fascism, while men like Dr. Richard Wolff and Bernie Sanders preach socialism.
The Romanness of Fascism
German National Socialists and Italian Fascism allied politically against the capitalists and communists. Antisemitism was not intrinsic to Fascism and Italian life before this alliance.
“Undoubtedly no contemporary Englishman or Russian had so much sympathetic understanding of the Jews, as Mussolini with me in 1932.” (Emil Ludwig, Talks with Mussolini, preface, 1945 ed.)
“Naturally there is no such thing as a pure race, not even a Jewish one (…) Race: it is a sentiment, not a reality, it is 95% sentiment. I don’t believe that it is possible to prove biologically that a race is more or less pure (…) Anti-Semitism does not exist in Italy. The Jews have behaved well as citizens, and as soldiers, they have fought courageously.” (Benito Mussolini, Emil Ludwig’s Talks With Mussolini, 1932)
Forzi di volanta
The Italian Theosophists would had never compromised with the Fascist government of Italy. Mussolini dragged the Italians with him, encouraging his people to support the conquest of Ethiopia and Albania, then joining the unfavorable war. Benito Mussolini expressed to his wife later in life, his regret becoming the second arm in Fascism — the lackey of Adolf Hitler. The truth is, these were extremely conflicted, hypocritical, Machiavellian men.
La Dottrina del Fascismo demonstrates that Fascism was founded on the concept of national unity, or the nation, more than on the call for racial unity. It states, that the nation is defined as “a multitude unified by an idea.” Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Gentile called their spiritual conception of life, their political worldview and that of the nation, Mazzinianism, or the Mazzinian Conception. Mussolini however shared a concern for the birth-rates of whites; and under his rule, the Fascist government committed ethnic-cleansing on Slovenes, and were prejudiced against Roma people. This is the hypocrisy in Benito Mussolini’s ideas, sharing with the National Syndicalists, a psychotic glorification of violence. The Fascists and Mussolini regarded native Slavic peoples as inferior barbarians, and expressed desire to exterminate the Slovenes, making the Italian yoke appear as barbarians themselves. Despite the Legion like the Italian fascists wanting to create the “new man” (Rom. omul nou), an “occult doctrine,” it is entirely impossible to achieve this through such thinking.
Theosophy is also a philosophy of self-conquest. It is a philosophy of will-power, or forzi di volontà, but it is most vitally a philosophy of grande saggezza, centered on the “heart.” It is a wisdom of love and compassion, and this divine love is a cohesive force, the nōetic fire of Life, the fount and origin of that true spiritualized will-power, or iron-will. The ways of the National Socialists contradict our ways. It is not the mere animal brute, but that will to subdue the lower self; and it must be still guided by principle, and ethic. The vivida vis animi, Lucretius spoke of, or the amatory desire from the libido of Sigmund Freud, is but a lower manifestation of this force. The theosophist sacrifices this, and turns God-ward, and acts through and with the inner process, that is changing them. The question is, which doctrine is truly a spiritual philosophy, and is most capable of producing spiritualized men and women of will, moral character, virtue, and action?