Theosophy, Italian Fascism and German National Socialism

A Contrast of the Idealist, Ethical, and Revolutionary Sides of Theosophy, Fascism and National Socialism 

edited Nov 9 2018

Introduction: Loose analogy is often drawn between our subjects, which is Theosophy with that of National Socialism, and Fascism. Despite what anyone may personally feel against discussing this topic, it must be dealt with in numerous ways, and from numerous angles, as much and as vigorously and combative as the researchers who draw these analogies under recognized books, journals, articles, and “the guise of scholarship.” Theosophy, Italian Fascism and German National Socialism was the first, among many attempts of the author to explain the idea that there are ideological, or doctrinal and historical connections between the three, and the facts are curried throughout books and other sources of information., that take abit more scrutiny and conclusion then the repeated line in this field of study, “…the influence of Theosophy on…”

There is a new paper I’ve written and completed on Theosophy in Germany, which needs a full title, defending Blavatsky throughout, and going in-depth honestly into the theory of influences on Lanz von Liebenfels, List, the SS, Hitler. So, basically the history of modern Theosophy in Germany and the issue with the National Socialists in II Parts. It is specially written to settle the claims repeated by almost every person that writes on the subject, the influence of Theosophy, Blavatsky, occult orders and philosophies on Germany and Hitler. It has to include in a second part Fascism’s Opposition to Theosophy and Masonry, because the facts contradict the accusations, and lends credibility to our argument and defenses, without a shadow of doubt. It is necessary to be aggressive in the matter, and control the narrative, and the fate and future of both the particular Occult Philosophical system taught by Blavatsky and others, and the principle and other learned theosophers of the 17th-19th century ‘Theosophies’ (or Theosophical Enlightenment).


A Marxist critiques the political left’s hysteria in its use of the terms Fascist and Nazi very prevalent on the tongue of people in today’s politics and political commentary:

“Colonial empires found justification in racial theory. Romantic national history and social Darwinism bound masses of people at home to the imagined community of the state and reconciled them to the existing hierarchical social order. Nevertheless, though fascist leaders and their shrill publicists freely deployed such ruling class notions, they did so in an entirely demagogic fashion. There is with fascism no body of logically sustainable reasoning of the kind found in the catholic church or Marxism. Read Mein Kampf or Mussolini’s My autobiography. Hence frantic leftist attempts to locate Le Pen’s ‘fascism’ in some subtle anti-semitic code word or pouncing upon Jörg Haider’s ‘fascist’ admiration for the Third Reich’s autobahns and public works programme is entirely misplaced. There is no fascist theory systematically linking proposition to practice. Organisationally fascism has precursors in the anti-liberal and anti-socialist counterrevolutionary movements of the same late 19th to early 20th century period. A loose analogy can be drawn between Louis Napoleon Bonaparte’s movement and fascism.” (Origins of fascism and the New Right)

The National Socialist Revolution

It is necessary to understand their philosophy and aims to make an honest comparison between Theosophy, National Socialism, and Fascism, which can also be contrasted with Classical and Enlightenment Republicanism,

To make an introductory exclamation about the IDEALISTIC SIDE of National Socialism, we must honestly state that similarities in thinking between the three systems, are rooted in the fact they are all philosophies pronouncedly based on OBJECTIVE IDEALISM, ACTUAL IDEALISM, ABSTRACT IDEALISM brought into concrete action in the material world as Gentile put it. In occult theosophy, man is a power, and must realize themselves as such, in the world, and it rejects asceticism, and settles to face the harshness of the world by moving through it, except in the attempt to heal it, and reduce the suffering of mankind through establishing the magnetic bond of man and man, learning, virtue, and practical wisdom, not brutishness.

The similarity that is fundamentally sensed, is this objective idealism.

For a people to declare another people brutes, who are otherwise peaceful, or nonthreatening, while behaving as brutes seems to be the irony of imperialism and colonialists. The Nationalist Socialists led their generation to degenerate into the old European stereotype of the “barbaric” Teuton. 

Regarding Hitler’s idealism, in the radically revolutionary socialist, or Fascist mould, he says similarly to Benito Mussolini in his Autobiography on his study of the history and capacities of the Italian:

“I have emerged from the Volk. For this German Volk I have fought throughout my life.”

He continues, calling for the triumph of socialism over capitalism:

When this war is over, then Germany will begin a great undertaking: “A cry of “Arise” shall echo through the German lands! Then the German Volk will abandon the productions of cannons and will begin the labours of peace and new reconstruction work for the mass millions! “Then we shall show the world, all the more clearly what is the master and who is the master: Capital, or Labour!

All right-leaning parties are being ever more tactically branded with the names Nazi, and Neo-Fascism to the point the political left is doing it to itself, and the right and left to each other. The term fascism has been subject to different definitions just for the sake of tactical political gain and argument shut-down. Having changed, since being coined by Italian politician, Benito Mussolini,it is mostly now used as an insult, and synonym for any degree (small or large) of authority, or authoritarianism in political governing. Hungary, e.g., is defined by American progressives as “Fascist.”

Speaking honestly on the conflicting life of Benito Mussolini, as well as Adolf Hitler and their colleagues, it betrays the ideology they propagated. Mussolini is portrayed as a casanova, suffering and psychologically conflicted. If we were to judge fascism solely by old film and propaganda, we get the image of a heroic icon, or man of iron, because Mussolini specifically wanted to be portrayed that way; but this isn’t the reality of Mussolini, especially from what his mistress Clara Petacci tells us.

Adolf Hitler also had problems, such as strange sexual fetishes, drug addictions, and the bad choices he made as a leader. There are many things that can be said about Adolf Hitler, that are far from romantic. It goes the same for Benito Mussolini, and not as they were seen through propaganda, and reels.


Theosophy, Fascism, and National Socialism

There are those “crack-brained slanderers” who have scapegoated modern Theosophy for inspiring the movements of German Romanticism, Fascism, and Nationalism Socialism. Academic critiques of Theosophy are often incapable of distinguishing whether Theosophy itself is Gnosticism, Freemasonry, Buddhism, Rosicrucianism, Neo-Hinduism, etc., a mix, or all the above.

“Year after year, and day after day had our officers and members to interrupt people speaking of the theosophical movement by putting in more or less emphatic protests against Theosophy being referred to as a “religion,” and the Theosophical Society as a kind of church or religious body. Still worse, it is as often spoken of as a “new sect”! Is it a stubborn prejudice, an error, or both? The latter, most likely. The most narrow-minded and even notoriously unfair people are still in need of a plausible pretext, of a peg on which to hang their little uncharitable remarks and innocently-uttered slanders. And what peg is more solid for that purpose, more convenient than an “ism” or a “sect.” The great majority would be very sorry to be disabused and finally forced to accept the fact that Theosophy is neither. The name suits them, and they pretend to be unaware of its falseness. But there are others, also, many more or less friendly people, who labour sincerely under the same delusion.” (Helena P. Blavatsky, Is Theosophy a Religion, Theosophical Articles, Vol. 1, Theosophy Co., L.A. 1981, pg. 56 and Lucifer, November 1888.)

To then be seen as an element to the construction of fascism is ignorant of the Italian philosophy already embedded in the culture surrounding Giovanni Gentile and Benito Mussolini, himself who attributed his influence to Gustav Le Bon, among others.

Fascism contained the entire history of Italian philosophy. Fascist Philosophers also believed they could embody classical thought in present political thought far more faithfully than the Republican Enlightenment and Renaissance thinkers. 

Fascist Philosophers, whether one disagrees or not, sought to fix the holes Liberalism was creating. Fascism was, like Republicanism, a modern revolutionary ideology reacting to various political movements, orders, and ideologies at the time. 

“. . . the philosophy of his [Gianbattista Vico’s] age tended to dissolve society, to dissociate men, to lose sight of humanity, nations and families in the contemplation of isolated individuals. . . .”

MARIO PALMIERI, THE FASCIST PHILOSOPHY

There is a historical and ideological link, more than we would like to admit, between American Republicanism, and British, Greek and Italian Thought and Culture. The use of the term Fascism has become greatly commonplace, but with it, we are unwilling to find, that in our own governing philosophy, lies certain particular foundations of Fascism, interior to Italian life. As well, the Fascist philosophers argued, that every government is totalitarian, whether it works to benefit the People, or destroy them. Any form of national belonging is characterized as fascistic in our day, including the constructed new contrasts between Patriotism and Nationalism, that equate Nationalism with Fascism, which are mere word-attachments to psychologize the masses and persist in connecting it to World War II, death, Jews and concentration camps, i.e., defining nationalism as fundamentally evil, as Indian Theosophist defined it so in The Essential Unity of All Religions.

Classical Republicanism, deriving from the Stoics, Robert Flint, 1884 writes of Vico (who Palmieri, a Fascist philosopher says is one of the two frontrunners of Fascism) who considered the Philosophy of the Stoics and Skeptics of Greece to tend toward such isolation, which has become greatly intensified as a result of evolving technology. If one is interested in studying the foundational elements of Fascism, study:

  1. Mussolini’s The Doctrine of Fascism
  2. The Manifesto of San Sepolcro
  3. The Verona Manifesto
  4. The Diary of the Will
  5. The Fascist Movement in Italian Life
  6. Palmieri’s The Philosophy of Fascism
  7. Gentile’s The Philosophic Basis of Fascism and The General Theory of the Spirit
  8. The Constitution of Fiume (and Fiume’s history and D’Annunzio’s view on it)
  9. Mazzini’s Thinking
  10. The History of French Revolution and British Republicanism and the Italian Risorgimento.

You may also study the instructive Carl Cohen’s “Communism, Fascism, and Democracy: The Theoretical Foundations” often used in introductory college courses on Political Theory. The theoretical foundations of systems of government and political schools of thought are important to understand, just as it is with Theology, Mythography, and Esoteric Studies. This book, which many college professors use in their courses on Political Theory, includes the direct writings by Friedrich Engels, Robert Owen, Georg W.F. Hegel, Karl Marx, Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, Mao Tse-tung, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Machiavelli, Friedrich Nietzsche, Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Edmund Burke, Thomas Jefferson, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, John C. Calhoun, John Dewey, George Bernard Shaw, Russell A. Kirk, Norman Thomas, Friedrich A. Hayek, Pericles, and Alexis de Tocqueville, and others.

It is admitted, Palmieri says, the philosophy of Vico gives “an account of men not as solitary, but as social beings; which would promote social union, strength and progress. It is with Vico, then, that we must begin our study of the two greatest forerunners of Fascism.” Still however, contrary to Palmieri’s argument, we could argue that the philosophers of Neo-Republicanism all taken collectively have made cases for both the Individual and Man as social beings of a social union and economy. A true Republic is a family, a fraternity (as a nation), cosmopolitan and bonded by the fasces (as it was in early U.S. symbolic imagery) and the magnetism of that bond, and our collective sufferings as a multi-ethnic Nation of People.


As illustrated in this Harper’s Weekly late 1860s; either Lady Liberty or Minerva holds the American/Roman Fasces often, and it is a symbol of Republicanism: fraternity, order, spiritual unity, and family. “Reconstruction” by Thomas Nast, illustrates the Southern states being brought back into order with the North into the ancient symbol of collective power, the fasces, and the nation’s motto: E Pluribus Unum — “Out of Many, One.”

Besides the political element, there was a metaphysics of Fascism. Benito Mussolini, on his doctrine about Fascism, aided by Giovanni Gentile, who became Minister of Education in Mussolini’s government states, that it is a spiritual philosophy. It bears similarity, in the strength of its spiritual philosophy to theosophy or the sapienza, precisely because of its Romanness, but Fascism heavily lacks the saggezza or compassion central in both traditional and modern theosophy. Fascism is the perfect example of the spirit of Mars in contradistinction to Minerva. “Universal brotherhood” is our celebrated principle. Fascio and fasces, meaning “strength through unity” is the origin of the word fascism, and is its celebrated principle, in an overbearing sense. The principle of unity theosophy points to is not bound up with a political conception of the State, but in regards to this conception of Nature as having a subtle and spiritual side, that binds things in the unseen world, or universe.

Before the first world war, sentiment among the ruling class was a distrust of internationalism (capitalists and socialists), and the rise of republics and democracies. What is so condemnable today are journalists and political analysts describing the Right, and even libertarians now as fascist, when according to their use, even monarchy can be considered fascist.

Monarchy was considered to be a sign a people reached their nobility, not its social regression, and so, ruled by a rightful hereditary line. What then of our religion of democracy and of monarchy, when our views of the latter are but shaped merely on the incompetence of King George III, Louis XVI of France, and the films of Disney?

The Left must always be revolutionary, force, progressive, but it must then perpetually devour itself, like the ouroborus. This is a simple fact of history we observe time and time. The Americans should not use the term of fascism as a stigma or broad insult, given the fact the fasces (bundle of sticks for Roman state power and unity) as was shown is embedded into the symbolism of the United States itself. Might someone conjure now the most far-fetched argument in the fashion of the modern left pattern of thinking, to remove it, or even ban its use? Former Sen. Jim Webb (D-Va.) suggests, there’s an Aristocracy in American Politics, and the Democrats have moved very far to the left (Sen. Jim Webb, Democratic Party has moved ‘very far to the left’). The Atlantic writes about ways the present system can lead to Autocracy and fascism, while men like Dr. Richard Wolff and Bernie Sanders preach socialism.

The Romanness of Fascism

German National Socialists and Italian Fascism allied politically against the capitalists and communists. Antisemitism was not intrinsic to Fascism and Italian life before this alliance.

“Undoubtedly no contemporary Englishman or Russian had so much sympathetic understanding of the Jews, as Mussolini with me in 1932.” (Emil Ludwig, Talks with Mussolini, preface, 1945 ed.)

“Naturally there is no such thing as a pure race, not even a Jewish one (…) Race: it is a sentiment, not a reality, it is 95% sentiment. I don’t believe that it is possible to prove biologically that a race is more or less pure (…) Anti-Semitism does not exist in Italy. The Jews have behaved well as citizens, and as soldiers, they have fought courageously.” (Benito Mussolini, Emil Ludwig’s Talks With Mussolini, 1932)

Forzi di volanta

The Italian Theosophists would had never compromised with the Fascist government of Italy. Mussolini dragged the Italians with him, encouraging his people to support the conquest of Ethiopia and Albania, then joining the unfavorable war. Benito Mussolini expressed to his wife later in life, his regret becoming the second arm in Fascism — the lackey of Adolf Hitler. The truth is, these were extremely conflicted, hypocritical, Machiavellian men.

La Dottrina del Fascismo demonstrates that Fascism was founded on the concept of national unity, or the nation, more than on the call for racial unity. It states, that the nation is defined as “a multitude unified by an idea.” However, as stated elsewhere, Mussolini was concerned for the birth-rates of whites, and conducted campaigns of ethnic-cleansing on the Slovenes and Roma people. This is the hypocrisy in Benito Mussolini’s ideas, sharing with the old National Syndicalists, a psychotic glorification of violence. The Fascists and Mussolini regarded native Slavic peoples as inferior barbarians, and expressed desire to exterminate the Slovenes, making the Italian yoke appear as barbarians themselves. Despite the Legion like the Italian fascists wanting to create the “new man” (Rom. omul nou), an “occult doctrine,” it is entirely impossible to achieve this through such thinking.

Theosophy is also a philosophy of self-conquest. It is a philosophy of will-power, or forzi di volontà, in its knowledge of the Force and Cosmic Wheel (Law); but it is most vitally a philosophy of grande saggezza, centered on the “heart.” It is a wisdom of love and compassion, and this divine love is a cohesive force, the nōetic fire of Life, the fount and origin of that true spiritualized will-power, or iron-will.

The Fascist, though conceiving their philosophy to be spiritual, fail to understand spiritual wisdom. The ways of the National Socialists contradict our ways. It is not the mere animal brute, but that will to subdue the lower self; and it must be still guided by principle, and ethic. The vivida vis animi, Lucretius spoke of, or the amatory desire from the libido of Sigmund Freud, is but a lower manifestation of this force. The theosophist sacrifices this, and turns God-ward, and acts through and with the inner process, that is changing them. The question is, which doctrine is truly a spiritual philosophy, and is most capable of producing spiritualized men and women of will, moral character, virtue, and action?

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