Minerva leads America in “The Apotheosis of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington”

MINERVA, Goddess of Wisdom leads America in “The Apotheosis of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington.” The Apotheosis of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington is a copperplate-printed toile fabric produced in several colorways in Britain between 1785-1800, after the first defeat of the British Empire. A banner reads “Where Liberty Dwells, There is My Country.” These Continue reading Minerva leads America in “The Apotheosis of Benjamin Franklin and George Washington”

The Loose Tradition of Republican Writers

In regards to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, it is a great reference for understanding ‘REPUBLICANISM,’ in two different, but closely related senses. The author of the article, Frank Lovett explains that in the first sense is meant, a loose tradition or family of writers in the history of western political thought: “Machiavelli and his Continue reading The Loose Tradition of Republican Writers

Note on Benjamin Rush and Early Federalist Republicanism: Fear of Democracy, Moral Degradation, and Corruption

FEDERALIST REPUBLICANISM: BENJAMIN RUSH ON FEARS OF DEMOCRACY, PARTY POLITICS, MORAL DEGRADATION AND CORRUPTION The stories of Marius, Tacitus, Livy and Sallust stress importance of morals, reason and the rule of law in a virtuous republic; also corruption of these through avarice, luxury, parties, factions and venality. According to the Roman statesman, Sallust, a republic Continue reading Note on Benjamin Rush and Early Federalist Republicanism: Fear of Democracy, Moral Degradation, and Corruption

Mario Palmieri on the True Goal of Fascism in relation to the Spiritual: Four Cardinal Points and National Heroism

“Never before, to be sure, had a social and political system advanced such claims upon the inner world of man as this claim of Fascism to determine for him the form of conduct…” MARIO PALMIERI Darkness is upon the land, and there is no hero among the people in the country, and it is because Continue reading Mario Palmieri on the True Goal of Fascism in relation to the Spiritual: Four Cardinal Points and National Heroism

Democracy’s Faith in the Potential of Man | Horace M. Kallen

Horace M. Kallen’s Creative Democracy, Section I: What Is Democracy in Communism, Fascism, and Democracy (Carl Cohen). This article is meant to contrast with Mario Palmieri on the Rebirth of Classical Studies and Lore: Critiques the Renaissance, Individualism, and Speaks of the Ancient Sages. A Jewish American, Horace M. Kallen ideals are in-line with the Continue reading Democracy’s Faith in the Potential of Man | Horace M. Kallen

Mario Palmieri on the Rebirth of Classical Studies and Lore: Critiques the Renaissance, Individualism, and Speaks of the Ancient Sages

“Such being the facts, it is almost criminal to keep alive in mankind the hope of a true realization of the Democratic ideal.” MARIO PALMIERI, THE PHILOSOPHY OF FASCISM The Rationale of the Fascist Critique of Democracy and Individualism National Syndicalism and the Corporative State I. THE RATIONALE OF THE FASCIST CRITIQUE OF DEMOCRACY AND Continue reading Mario Palmieri on the Rebirth of Classical Studies and Lore: Critiques the Renaissance, Individualism, and Speaks of the Ancient Sages

The Romaness of Fascism: Palmieri and Mussolini on Mazzini, Dante, and the Mission and Influences of Fascism

“Fascism the conception of the historical mission of Rome, the vision of a world empire…” MARIO PALMIERI “Rome is more than a city; Rome is a Universal Idea.” THEODOR MOMMSEN Rome is more than a city, and is a Universal Idea, indeed. The founders were inspired by Rome, yet the only time we speak of Continue reading The Romaness of Fascism: Palmieri and Mussolini on Mazzini, Dante, and the Mission and Influences of Fascism

John Adams Letter to John Taylor: “Remember, democracy never lasts long”

“Remember democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet, that did not commit suicide.” JOHN ADAMS (FIRST VPOTUS AND SECOND POTUS) LETTER TO JOHN TAYLOR, 17 DECEMBER 1814. “Well, Doctor, what have we got—a Republic or a Monarchy?” Benjamin Franklin was asked supposedly, as he left Continue reading John Adams Letter to John Taylor: “Remember, democracy never lasts long”

The Original Red Shirts’ and Red Hats’: The Classical Roots of the American Republic

Republicanism of MINVRA is not associated with, nor propagandizes for one particular party, nor is it about the U.S. Republican Party, or whatever Party under such name in France, or Italy. Some among us, as well as yourselves, are not yet willing to learn, nor accept this fact, but REPUBLICANISM and FASCISM are relatives, or Continue reading The Original Red Shirts’ and Red Hats’: The Classical Roots of the American Republic

Giovanni Gentile on the True ‘Will of the People’: Says Difference between Fascism and Nationalism

“The nationalistic State was, therefore, an aristocratic State, enforcing itself upon the masses through the power conferred upon it by its origins. The Fascist State, on the contrary, is a people’s state, and, as such, the democratic State par excellence.” GIOVANNI GENTILE Marcello Veneziani on the Spirit of Giovanni Gentile’s Actualism and Rebuilding Italy in Continue reading Giovanni Gentile on the True ‘Will of the People’: Says Difference between Fascism and Nationalism