The Politics of Divine Wisdom: How Theosophy influenced Indonesian and South Asian Nationalisms
As Theosophy and Freemasonry: Esoteric Schools within the Theosophical Society shows, there are less known details in the history of the Theosophical Society than is thought, despite the fact researchers have provided a great detail of Theosophical history. This article is about Herman A.O. de Tollenaere’s diligent research: The Politics of Divine Wisdom, Theosophy and Labour, National, And Women’s Movements in Indonesia and South Asia 1875-1947
Herman de Tollenaere asks these first two political questions from the beginning:
A: Was the Theosophical Society Apolitical? (pg. 2.)
B: Was the Theosophical Society Leftist? (pg. 4.)
Another question could be answered: Was Helena P. Blavatsky a Leftist?
Helena Blavatsky was directly and indirectly connected to persons and causes of the 19th century republican revolutionaries, and we should view this in that historical context. She was involved in leftist revolutions with Garibaldi, among other sympathies, which raised suspicions about her. This article is noteworthy by K. Paul Johnson on General Mikhail Kotkov and H.P.B.’s Political Loyalties, except for Johnson’s hypothesis on the relation of Thakar Singh to K.H. and Morya.
K. Paul Johnson states in the article regarding Helena Blavatsky’s political loyalties:
“What can be made of all these conflicting statements? The first and most obvious point to be made is that HPB presents herself in whatever political light is suitable for the moment and the person she is addressing. Thus to her family she is a Russian patriot, to Sinnett she is a supporter of British rule in India, and to a New York reporter she is a revolutionary sympathizer. But it is not quite fair to treat all her political comments about Russia as nothing more than opportunistic and chameleon-like. After all, she had chosen to associate herself with radical causes in Europe, and later to emigrate to the US. So her misgivings about Russian autocracy have a ring of sincerity. On the other hand, in India she acted and wrote in ways that caused widespread suspicion of subversive intentions, so her denunciations of British rule seem equally sincere. The conclusion I reached after years of research was that HPB was deeply ambivalent, part of a conspiracy without fully understanding its ramifications….”
Theosophy in Indonesian Politics and Nationalism
This was covered in Herman de Tollenaere on Theosophical History and Politics, and the approach is nothing like say Constance E. Cumbey’s The Hidden Dangers of the Rainbow: The New Age Movement and Our Coming Age of Barbarism, or Lee Penn’s False Dawn: The United Religions Initiative, Globalism, and the Quest for a One-World Religion.