“Heaven has cast us off” – Tsu-li to King Zhou of Shang in the Shujing
Tsu-li announces to king Zhou-xin (the last emperor of Shang dynasty), that Heaven has abandoned him, because of his dissolute way.
“Heaven is bringing an end to the Mandate of our dynasty. (…) It is not that the former kings do not aid us, but by your dissoluteness and sport you bring on the end yourself. Heaven has cast us off…” (Tsu-li to King Zhòu Xīn, last king of the Zhòu or Shāng dynasty, Shujing 書經, The Annals of China, also known as the Book of Documents, or Classic of History, IV.X.I & II)
 Zisi on Virtue and Accountable Actions, Doctrine of the Mean and  Mencius on Ending the Unrighteous, The Works of Mencius
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