The Tragedy of Pan the Great: From Primordial Deity to Rustic Sex-Craving God
Ofelia: “My name is Ofelia. Who are you?”
Pan: “Me? I’ve had so many names. Old names that only the wind and the trees can pronounce. I am the mountain, the forest and the earth. I am… I am a faun. Your most humble servant, Your Highness.” (Pan’s Labyrinth, film)
Pan was once depicted as a “primordial god,” and is revised a few times, until depicted as known famously as a devilish, depraved, sex-crazed rustic forest-god, seducing, or chasing nymphs in art. There are many semblances with the Promethean myth, as to the god, Pan, which relates intimately to the condition of man in the cycle of life. This is the common motif of the once divine god, now terrestrial, now consumed by the pleasures of the world, and is hence fallen. However, such is only one representation of the mystery of the Great God, Pan, since the forest god in ancient tradition also serves as a voice of ‘rustic wisdom,’ and ecstatic celebration, that can be mystical, sexual, or psychical. The goat-Pan or faun is a particular myth, because there were many versions of Pans of Pan in the Greek mythology. Pan became only limited to the wild, or observable nature, yet this is an allusion to Man’s status within the cosmic phases of the creation stories through the Pre-Hellenic, Pre-Olympian, and Hellenic revisions. Pan is the abstract Ideal of Ideals, nameless, unconscious, unknown; and this was its primordial idea before its anthropomorphic transformation.
The term Pantheism comes from the Greek PAN and THEOS meaning “All-Deity.”
In the use of the term “Nature,” we most always mean the whole manifested Universe, and not the physical objective matter.
The latter being, a product of nature’s illusive or evanescent behaviour, for which we take to be realities. Hence, Pantheism is not the worship of physical objective Nature as it has been made into, but deals with the whole scheme of life. Hence, the Universe is PAN, coeval with Deity. Pan is not a devil, and those who have mocked the Pantheists, and teach that they worship the stones and the rocks as God are not in the right.
Pan like Eros was a Primordial God.
“The name Pan means ALL. If you accept the Christian etymology of this compound word and form it of … “all,” and … “god,” and then imagine and teach that this means that every stone and every tree in Nature is a God or the ONE God, then you will make of the Pantheists fetish-worshippers, in addition to their legitimate name. Our DEITY is neither in a paradise, nor a particular tree, building, nor mountain; it is everywhere, in every atom of the visible as of the invisible Cosmos, in, over, and around every invisible atom and divisible molecule; for IT is the mysterious power of evolution and involution, the omnipresent, omnipotent, and even omniscient creative potentiality.
PAN was at one time absolute nature, the one and GREAT-ALL; but when history catches a first glimpse of him, Pan has already tumbled down into a godling of the fields, a rural god; and history will not recognize him, while theology makes of him the devil. Yet his seven-piped flute, the emblem of the seven forces of nature, of the seven planets, the seven musical notes, of all the septenary harmony, in short, shows well his primordial character.” (The Pantheists, THEOSOPHY, Vol. 68, No. 2, December, 1979)